Consolidation accounting

The original VIE model provided that if an entity expected to assume more than 50% of another entity’s expected losses or gains, it should consolidate that entity. This model created a “bright line,” and allowed entities to structure transactions to achieve a specific consolidation objective–either to consolidate another entity or not. Additional revisions and further guidance were issued subsequently to address some of the implementation questions that arose with this risk and rewards approach Consolidation accounting to the VIE model. The original US consolidation standard, issued in the 1950s, was based on the notion that control was generally demonstrated by holding a majority of the voting rights of an entity. This consolidation model, which is still used today, is commonly referred to as the voting interest entity model. This is because, although we have used OT questions to demonstrate how the consolidation principles could be examined, they could also be assessed using the MTQs in part B of the exam.

  • Certain services may not be available to attest clients under the rules and regulations of public accounting.
  • That is, losses should continue to be attributed to the noncontrolling interest even if that attribution results in a deficit noncontrolling interest balance.
  • The consolidation pattern in price movements is broken upon a major news release that materially affects a security’s performance or the triggering of a succession of limit orders.
  • Subsequently, the monetary balances in foreign currencies are converted to their respective functional currencies using the exchange rate at the close of the financial year.

These cash flows are discounted using the original effective interest rate. If a financial instrument has a variable interest rate, the discount rate for measuring any impairment loss is the current effective rate determined under the contract. This section addresses practical application issues after a reporting entity concludes that consolidation of a legal entity is required. Some nuances have evolved in practice in the accounting for investments in joint ventures under the equity method and the accounting by the joint venture entity. These differences arise predominantly in the accounting for non-cash contributions to the joint venture.

Amendments under consideration by the IASB

A subsidiary is an independent company that is more than 50% owned by another firm. The owner is usually referred to as the parent company or holding company. A wholly-owned subsidiary is a company whose common stock is 100% owned by the parent company. An amalgamation is a combination of two or more companies into a new entity.

  • Financial guarantees, irrespective of the guarantor, instrumentation or other circumstances, are reviewed periodically so as to determine the credit risk to which they are exposed and, if appropriate, to consider whether a provision is required for them.
  • In this case, the Group could derecognize the securitized assets from the consolidated balance sheet.
  • The fair value of non-current assets held for sale from foreclosures or recoveries is determined taking in consideration the valuations performed by authorized appraisers in each of the geographical areas in which the assets are located.
  • Recognize investment at investor’s current basis of previously held interests plus cost of incremental investment, if any.

In all cases, results of subsidiaries acquired by the BBVA Group in a particular year are included taking into account only the period from the date of acquisition to year-end. Similarly, the results of companies disposed of during any year are included only taking into account the period from the start of the year to the date of disposal. Deloitte refers to one or more of Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Limited (“DTTL”), its global network of member firms and their related entities.

BPM Partners – 10 key requirements for next-level financial consolidation

The expected return on plan assets linked to commitments to post-employment benefits is calculated by taking into account both market expectations and the particular nature of the assets involved. The present values of the commitments are quantified on a case-by-case basis. Costs are calculated using the projected unit credit method, which sees each period of service as giving rise to an additional unit of benefit/commitment and measures each unit separately to build up the final obligation. Below is a description of the most significant accounting criteria relating to the commitments to employees, in terms of post-employment benefits and other long-term commitments, of certain BBVA Group companies in Spain and abroad . Contingent liabilities are possible obligations of the Group that arise from past events and whose existence is conditional on the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more future events beyond the control of the entity.

  • Investment entities are prohibited from consolidating particular subsidiaries .
  • For a comprehensive discussion of the accounting and financial reporting considerations related to applying the guidance in ASC 810, see Deloitte’s Roadmap Consolidation—Identifying a Controlling Financial Interest.
  • In May 2011 the Board issued IFRS 10 Consolidated Financial Statements to supersede IAS 27.
  • If there is not a contractual arrangement, then the relative ownership interest generally should be used as the basis for attribution of earnings between controlling and noncontrolling interests.
  • Minority InterestMinority interest is the investors’ stakeholding that is less than 50% of the existing shares or the voting rights in the company.

Control, as it is described in ASC 810, is the foundation for the consolidation model. Had the question asked for the consolidated cost of sales figure, the next step would have been to identify the provision for unrealised profit . Note that although we refer to this as a provision, it is not a liability but an adjustment to the asset, inventory. Purple Co has made a profit of $1,000 (calculated as revenue of $5,000 – cost of $4,000). As only half of the items remain in inventory, the inventory value is overstated by half of that profit – that is, $500.